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The Cancer-Immunity Cycle

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Adapted from Daniel S. Chen and Ira Mellman, Immunity, 2013

Cancer Immunology

We investigate the cross-talk between tumor and the immune system

Training immunity against cancer heterogeneity

Tumor cells often exhibit phenotypic plasticity, with significant intra- and inter-patient heterogeneity, posing a significant hurdle for targeting all tumor cells via traditional small molecule-based targeted therapy or even targeted immunotherapy (e.g., antibody, CAR T).


We study the many facets of tumor heterogeneity and elucidate how they pose hurdles to various types of immunotherapies in syngeneic mouse models, with the goal of identifying key molecular, cellular, and immunological mechanisms that can be leveraged for engineering more effective immunotherapies.

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